Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Medical textiles with silver/nanosilver and their potential application for the prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections – mini-review

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 32, No. 2, 104-107

Lukasz Rajski1, Marek Juda2, Adam Los1, Elzbieta Witun3, Anna Malm2*

1 Eko-Styl Rental Sp. z o.o. Sp. k., Spoldzielcza 13 B, 37-300 Lezajsk, Poland
2 Department of Pharmaceutical Microbiology with Laboratory for Microbiological Diagnostics, Medical University of Lublin, Chodzki 1, 20-093 Lublin, Poland
3 University Children`s Hospital, Prof. Gebali 6, 20-093 Lublin, Poland


https://doi.org/10.2478/cipms-2019-0020

Abstract

Healthcare-associated infections (HAI), especially those in hospitalized patients, can be regarded as an important public health problem worldwide. In this article we presented an overview on the use of antimicrobial textiles, including those with silver/nanosilver, as a new approach to countering HAI by reducing the potential risk of the pathogen transmission between patients and healthcare workers. The strong antimicrobial in vitro activity of these engineered textiles was confirmed in vitro against several HAI-associated pathogens, including multiresistant strains belonging to alert pathogens. However, according to literature data, the sole use of antimicrobial clothing by healthcare workers appears to not be sufficient for the prevention and control of HAI. Further comprehensive and controlled studies are needed to assess the real-time efficacy of the antimicrobial textiles in healthcare settings. Moreover, there is a need to control the silver use not only for medical applications, but also for non-medical purposes due to a possibility for the emergence and spread of silver resistance among microorganisms, especially Gram-negative bacteria.

Keywords

healthcare-associated infections (HAI), prevention, antimicrobial textiles, silver/nanosilver.

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