Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Evaluation of the combined effects of doxorubicin and bortezomib on the human acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 32, No. 2, 87-91

Agnieszka Korga1*, Ewelina Humeniuk2, Grzegorz Adamczuk2, Magdalena Iwan1,
Marta Ostrowska2, Iwona Luszczewska-Sierakowska3 ,Jarosław Dudka2

1 Independent Medical Biology Unit, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

2 Chair and Department of Toxicology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland


https://doi.org/10.2478/cipms-2019-0017

Abstract

Increasing numbers of oncological patients and growing drug resistance ensure that new methods of cancer treatment are intensively sought. Combining drugs for a synergistic effect is one of several possible ways to mitigate this problem. This leads to reducing the effective drug dose and the occurrence of side effects. Doxorubicin (DOX) is an antineoplastic agent that has several mechanisms of action. DOX intercalates between base pairs of DNA helix, inhibits topoisomerase II and also forms reactive oxygen species. Bortezomib (BZT) is an antitumor agent belonging to the group of proteasome inhibitors. It has been observed that BZT triggers an oxidative stress response in vitro and in vivo.
Accumulation of oxidatively damaged proteins and the simultaneously blocking of the proteasome can be very damaging to the tumour cell. For this reason, the aim of the study was to assess the potentially synergistic effect of DOX and BZT on human acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). In the work, the cells were treated with both agents and their combinations and the effect was evaluated on the basis of morphological assessment, MTT assay and level of reduced glutathione measurement.
The study has shown that on acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells, synergistic effects came about in the combination of 1nM BZT with a wide range of concentrations of DOX. Herein, the visible, coactive effect of DOX and BZT was observed on oxidative stress levels. This phenomenon can be essential in blunting the possibility of rapid manifestation of resistance seen in BZT monotherapy. In addition, the needed very low concentrations of DOX reduce the risk of therapy side effect.

Keywords

doxorubicin, bortezomib, lymphoblastic leukemia, oxidative stress.

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