Structural changes in liver under conditions of experimental hemorrhagic stroke
Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 32, No. 2, 67-70
O.O. Bogomolets National Medical University, Department of Histology and Embryology, T. Shevchenko 13, Kyiv, 01601, Ukraine
The article describes the results of histological and morphometric studies of liver in Balb/c mice with hemorrhagic stroke. The hemorrhagic stroke was modeled in the animals by administering autoblood in volume of 0.1 ml in the right hemisphere, and within 5, 10 and 30 days an analysis of structural changes in the liver was performed. Progressive changes were established in terms of 5-10 days of the experiment. This consisted of changes in the sinusoidal capillaries and notable changes in the central veins of the liver lobuli. Herein, acute dilatation and erythrocytal stasis were most pronounced around the lumen of the central veins, while hepatocytes with signs of necrosis (severe cytoplasmic swelling, vacuolar dystrophic changes) were detected in the sinusoid capillaries.
The results of the morphometry indicated an increase in the area of the nucleus and the cells caused by intracellular swelling, domination of euchromatin and decrease of total density of chromatin in nuclei. Partial regression of the diameter of sinusoidal capillaries and the area of hepatocytes were detected on the 30th day of the experiment. The changes in the sinusoidal capillaries of the liver lobules are assessed as secondary to stroke, as well as to changes in organ microcirculation, and are associated with dystrophic changes in the hepatocytes.
liver, stroke, capillary sinusoids, hepatocytes injury.