The frequency of risk factors for pulmonary tuberculosis in tuberculosis patients in Babol, Northern Iran, during 2008-2015
Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 31, No. 3, 144-147
Mehran Shokri1, Rahmatollah Najafi1, Jalal Niromand1, Arefeh Babazadeh1,
Mostafa Javanian1, Masomeh Bayani1, Zahra Geraili Afra2, Soheil Ebrahimpour1
1 Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R. Iran
2 Department of Statistic and Epidmiology, School of Medicine, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, I.R Iran
In the current study, we investigated the risk factors for tuberculosis in patients admitted to the Ayatollah Rouhani Hospital in Babol, north of Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 207 patients with proven tuberculosis during the years 2008-2015. Demographic data such as age and sex, smoking, history of underlying illness, illness symptoms, and laboratory results were collected and analyzed at a significant level
of less than 0.05. From 207 patients, 136 were male (65.7%), 71 were female (34.3%), and 76 of them (37.3%) were smokers. It is notable that most patients (29.5%) were over
the age of 71. The relation between age profile and being tuberculosis has been studied, but the co-relation was found to be not significant. The most common complaint
has been coughing (60.9%).
While investigating underling diseases, the most common illness has found to be Diabetes (11.3%). Based our finding, there was a significant relationship between gender and smoking with tuberculosis. Accordingly, as smoking is one of the risk factors for tuberculosis, smokers and non-smokers should be informed that smoking carries the risk for tuberculosis. Such a program should be particularly addressed to males.
pulmonary tuberculosis, epidemiology, tuberculosis risk factors, Iran.