Oncoplastic breast surgery techniques - a new look at surgical treatment of breast cancer
Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 31, No. 3, 131-134
Krzysztof Kozak1,2*, Rafal Wojcik1,2, Maciej Czerwonka1,2,
Slawomir Mandziuk3, Barbara Madej-Czerwonka1,2
1 Chair and Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 4, 20-090 Lublin, Poland
2 Breast Surgery Department of the Cardinal Rev. Wyszyński’s Voivodship Specialistic Hospital in Lublin, Poland
3 Chair and Clinic of Pneumology, Oncology and Allergology. Independent Public Clinical Hospital No. 4 in Lublin, Jaczewskiego 8, 20-954 Lublin, Poland
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Polish women , thus, the problem of surgical treatment of breasts, especially with regard to conserving and/or reconstruction surgery, is extensively discussed. Currently, in Poland, efforts are made to increase the number of oncologic and reconstructive breast centers which offer specialized treatment of this cancer, the so-called ‘Breast Units’ . This paper analyzes methods of reconstructions, discusses the techniques used in particular types of surgeries and additionally informs the reader of the oncological aspects of the procedures. Based on literature, statistical data of breast reconstructions from Poland and the world are presented. Moreover, complications and psychological aspects of mammary gland surgery are dealt with, and the aesthetic effects of breast reconstructions are discussed. To support of our findings, we also present selected clinical cases from the oncological and reconstructive point of view.
breast cancer, oncoplastic, breast surgery, conserving therapy.