Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Autophagy in the pancreatic islets after the administration of cladribine in accordance to two different modes of therapy

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 30, No. 2, 105-112

Ludwik Jasinski, Marta Lis-Sochocka, Patrycja Chylinska-Wrzos, 
Ewelina Wawryk-Gawda, Barbara Jodlowska-Jedrych

Chair and Department of Histology and Embryology with Experimental Cytology Unit, Medical University of Lublin, Radziwillowska 11,
Poland

Abstract

The treatment of neoplastic and neurodegenerative diseases is still difficult. This because the cytostatic drugs have adverse effects on healthy organs. Among the drugs that have been investigated in the therapy of cancers and multiple sclerosis are the purine analogues. 
The aim of our study was the evaluation of the effect of cladribine on the process of autophagy in the healthy pancreas via two dosage models.
The experiment was conducted on female Wistar rats which were placed within the experimental and control groups of two dosage models: model (A) – cladribine being administered in a daily dose of 0.1 mg/kg by weight for 7 days, and model (B) – cladribine being administered in a daily dose of 0.07 mg/kg by weight in 3 cycles of 6 days with 5 weeks break. A-bis and B-bis groups were included within, respectively, groups A and B. 
Here, decapitation occurred after 4 weeks break in drug administration. In our work, autophagy was investigated via the expression of the LC3B protein (Light Chain 3B protein). The comparison of the results of many independent trials was built upon the use of the Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test. Significance was set at p < 0.005.
In our results, average LC3B expression was observed in 100% of all cells in the group A, 70% in group B and 60% in group B-bis. We not observed average LC3B expression in the other groups. Moreover, a poor reaction was observed in 55% of all cells in group A-bis. We noted significant relationships between control group and group A, between the control group and group B, and between group A-bis and groups B and B-bis.
These results demonstrate that cladribine has led to the induction of autophagy in the pancreatic islet cells.

Keywords

pancreas, autophagy, cladribine, LC3B protein. 

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