Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Characteristics of oral probiotics – a review

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 29, No. 1, p.8-10

Renata Chalas1, Magdalena Janczarek1, Teresa Bachanek1,
Elzbieta Mazur2, Maria Cieszko-Buk1, Jolanta Szymanska3

Chair and Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Chair and Department of Medical Microbiology, Medical University of Lublin, Poland
Chair and Department of Paedodontics, Medical University of Lublin, Poland

DOI:  10.1515/cipms-2016-0002

Abstract

Probiotics are a group of microorganisms able to have a positive influence on a host organism when applied in adequate amounts. They are grouped either as: bacteria (mainly Lactobacillus spp and Bifidobacterium) or fungi (Saccharomyces boulardii). Recent studies have revealed many opportunities for their use in several fields of medicine, such as in: reducing the level of cholesterol in the body, cancer therapy, human immune system regulation, skin regeneration, pancreas necrosis, cirrhosis of liver treatment, regulation of post­-antibiotic bowel function, constipation and digestive disorders in infants. Probiotics efficacy has also been demonstrated in oral cavity malfunctions. With the use of modern scientific methods, probiotics have the potential to become an important part of the daily diet and a natural drug supplementation in severe diseases.

 

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Keywords

probiotics, oral cavity.

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