Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Temporomandibular joint assessment in patients with articular disc displacement by way of computed tomography ...

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 28, No. 3, Pages 208-211

Anna Szabelska, Katarzyna Sarna-Bos, Grzegorz Staskiewicz, Janusz Borowicz

1 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Medical University of Lublin, Karmelicka 7 Lublin 20-081, Poland
2 Department of Human Anatomy, Medical University of Lublin, K. Jaczewskiego 4, Lublin 20-090, Poland


DOI: 10.1515/cipms-2015-0074

Abstract

Conventional and modern methods of radiological imaging are often used in the diagnosis of temporomandibular joint disorders, and the CT technique is particularly characterized by an excellent visualization of bony structures. The aim of the study was to show the importance and role of CT in the evaluation of TMJ bone structures in both patients with articular disc displacement and in a group of healthy subjects. Both study groups were assessed with the use of the transverse plane. Herein, multi-slice spiral computed tomography was performed in 47 subjects. These individuals were qualified for CT by way of magnetic resonance imaging, due to their being diagnosed with a displacement of their temporomandibular joint disc. The product of our study is presented as a set of tables. These are comparisons of radiological parameters based on the shape, size and location of the mandibular head, in the examined patients, in a control group, and with regard to sex. The results of our work indicate that CT can be successfully used in the imaging of TMJ bone structures, specifically, the condylar process of the mandibular head and the joint socket. However, statistically significant differences of the utilized parameters between patients with articular disc displacement and controls, warrant further analysis of this issue.

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Keywords

multi-slice computed tomography, temporomandibular joint, functional disorders.

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