Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Selected forms of therapy for individuals with autism spectrum disorder

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol. 28, No. 1, Pages 21-23

Ewa Dudzinska1*, Kinga Szymona2,3, Anna Pacian1, Teresa Kulik1

1 Public Health Department, Nursing and Health Sciences Faculty, Medical University of Lublin
2 Children’s University Hospital, Mental Health Outpatient Clinic, Lublin
3 Centre for Autism Therapy ‘Alpha’, Non-Public Health Care Clinic, Lublin

DOI: 10.1515/cipms-2015-0035

Abstract

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a condition of multiple origins. It is characterised by a range of behaviour patterns, in addition to disturbed social and emotional functioning. Of note, early therapy is conducive to better treatment results. A few recently discussed therapies have a particularly positive impact on children with ASD. Corbett et al. [2] proposed Sense Theatre. This involves instilling appropriate behaviours and communication patterns into the afflicted individual through acting. Role-playing and other similar techniques also offer an opportunity for children with ASD to improve their areas of empathy and social cooperation. With regard to bio-feedback-related techniques, Friedrich et al. [3] was noted for developing the Brain-computer method, a system of game interface connected to an external device. The method targets the mirror neuron system (MNS) in order to enhance cognitive, emotional and behavioural functions through neurofeedback. An approach put forward by Solomon et al. [10] is called ‘Play and Language for Autistic Youngsters (PLAY) Project Home Consultation’. Herein, volunteers visit patients’ homes on a regular basis to engage the children in play and games, after which they discuss with parents, the issues that came up. The PLAY reduces guardians’ stress levels and improves children’s skills. A pharmacological method is that of administering sulphoraphane [9], which reduces damaging effects. As others claim [8,1,7], other dietary approaches prove efficient as well. In summation, an early intervention and the employment of a multimodal treatment approach can be of importance for enhancing the life of ASD-affected children.

 

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Keywords

autism spectrum disorder, therapy, pharmacological treatment.

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