Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Zero crossing and ratio spectra derivative spectrophotometry for the dissolution tests of amlodipine and perindopril ...

Curr Issues Pharm Med Sci., Vol.27, No.2, Pages 113-117

Paulina Maczka, Anna Gumieniczek, Justyna Galeza, Rafal Pietras 

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University of Lublin, Jaczewskiego 4, 20-090 Lublin, Poland

DOI: 10.2478/cipms-2014-0027



Dissolution tests of amlodipine and perindopril from their fixed dose formulations were performed in 900 mL of phosphate buffer of pH 5.5 at 37°C using the paddle apparatus. Then, two simple and rapid derivative spectrophotometric methods were used for the quantitative measurements of amlodipine and perindopril. The first method was zero crossing first derivative spectrophotometry in which measuring of amplitudes at 253 nm for amlodipine and 229 nm for perindopril were used. The second method was ratio derivative spectrophotometry in which spectra of amlodipine over the linearity range were divided by one selected standard spectrum of perindopril and then amplitudes at 242 nm were measured. Similarly, spectra of perindopril were divided by one selected standard spectrum of amlodipine and then amplitudes at 298 nm were measured. 
Both of the methods were validated to meet official requirements and were demonstrated to be selective, precise and accurate. Since there is no official monograph for these drugs in binary formulations, the dissolution tests and quantification procedure presented here can be used as a quality control test for amlodipine and perindopril in respective dosage forms.


amlodipine and perindopril, fixed dose formulations, dissolution, derivative spectrophotometry


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