Current Issues of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences

Biological activities of Salvia L. species

Current Issues in Pharmacy and Medical Sciences Vol. 26, No. 3, Pages 326-330

TOMASZ DZIURZYNSKI, AGNIESZKA LUDWICZUK, KAZIMIERZ GLOWNIAK

Department of Pharmacognosy with Medicinal Plant Unit, Medical University of Lublin

DOI: 10.12923/j.2084-980X/26.3/a.19

 

Abstract

Salvia officinalis L. is one of the most widespread species, and because of this, is the most popular among other Salvia L. However, there are many other Salvia species with the long history of use in the treatment of a variety of disorders. The dried root of S. miltiorrhiza Bunge is one of the most popular herbal traditional medicines in Asian countries, while a mixture of leaves of S. fulgens Cav. and S. microphylla Kunth. is a traditional Mexican medicine, called ‘mirto’, and used for stomach ailments. Despite the extensive traditional use of many Salvia species around the world, the phytochemical and biological studies concerning sage are still very popular. The review aims to show recent research results concerning biological activities of Salvia species, and some of them, e.g. anticholinesterase, neuroprotective, anticancer, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activity were summarized.

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Keywords

Salvia, pharmacological studies, chemical constituents, essential oils, extracts

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